Genesis 303
Lesson Four


As we turn our attention to the fourth chapter of Genesis, we leave behind the origin of sin and from this point on, we will see the depths of sin. Many of the lessons we learn from this chapter will be subtle lessons, but lessons that should be learned non the less.


Gen 4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD.


The first thing we need to understand is that when you read in Scripture that somebody "knew" someone like we do in this verse... "Adam KNEW Eve his wife"... it is a reference to having sexual relations with that person. This is important to understand because in other places in Scripture we read the same thing, and if we don't learn this lesson here, we can be mislead. Of course there are many uses of this word in Scripture that speaks of "knowing" something, and you must discern the difference by the context. However, other places like the verses mentioned here...(Gen. 4:17, 38:26, Judges 11:39, 19:25, 1 Sam. 1:19, 1 Kings 1:4, Mat. 1:25, to name a few)... use the word "know" to speak of sexual relations.


Gen 4:2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 
Gen 4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. 
Gen 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering: 
Gen 4:5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. 
Gen 4:6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? 
Gen 4:7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.


This is a confusing portion of Scripture, so I will spend a few moments going through it. First, we see that Adam and Eve had two sons (actually they had more, but these two are mentioned specifically by name). One named Cain, and the other was named Abel. Abel was a shepherd and Cain was a farmer. So, between verses one and two we have an extended period of time...long enough for both kids to be born, grow up, and start making a living on their own.


Now, according to Scripture, Can brought an offering unto the Lord. His offering was of the fruit of the ground. He brought food to the Lord as an offering. Abel on the other hand brought a Lamb, the first one born that year, and offered it along with the fat unto the Lord. Now, nowhere prior to these verses do we read where God gave any instructions on what type of offerings were acceptable, but obviously instructions had been given. We read in verse five where God did not have "respect" for Cains offering, but in verse four He had "respect". The word "respect" here means literally, "to gaze Consider". So, God would not even look at Cains offering.

The resemblance to what happened in the garden is very striking here. If you remember, Adam and Eve, after they sinned, tried to make aprons of fig leaves to cover their nakedness. This would seem to correlate with Cains offering of the "fruit of the ground". God however, killed an innocent animal, shed it's blood and made them coats of skin. This would seem to line up with Abel's offering of a lamb being killed and offered. No doubt This was a sin offering they were bringing before the Lord, and obviously God had given instructions that just as an innocent animal had to be killed in the garden to cover their parents sin, so an innocent sacrifice had to be made for sin offerings after they were kicked out of the Garden. This of course would then become a picture or example of when God, in the fullness of time would take on human form in the body of Jesus Christ and die on the cross as our sacrifice for sin...once and for all shedding His blood for you and me.


We read about Cain and Abel in the New Testament as well...


1Jn 3:12 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.

Heb 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.


These verse tell us even more about what went on. Here we learn that Cain was the child of Satan himself, and did evil works. We also learn that Abel "by faith" offered up a more excellent sacrifice. This would seem to indicate that Abel knew that this animal sacrifice was a temporary picture of true salvation yet to come.


So, Cain followed in his parents footsteps and rebelled against God, leaning on their own understanding and tried to please God by the works of his own hands. Cain, trusted in God, and His salvation, and offered a picture...or a type.. of what was yet to come. We can learn a huge lesson from this. Religon does not save us. Works do not save us. Our own understanding does not save us. Only God's true salvation through Jesus Christ saves, and we, by faith, must look to Him as our MOST EXCELLENT sacrifice.


Remember what Rom_6:23 says... "For the wages of sin is death..." What followed Adam and Eves sin of rebellion? Spiritual and physical death. What followed Cains sin of rebellion? Once again death. This time his brothers, at his own hand (verses 8 and following). Sin always ends in death. But obedience to God always leads to everlasting life.

Gen 4:6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? 
Gen 4:7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.


Here we see another Scriptural principle playing out....


Gal 6:7 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.

One can not sow corn and expect wheat to grow, and likewise, one can not sow in disobedience and wickedness and expect God's grace and blessings.


Then in verses 8-12 we see where Cain killed his brother Abel, and curse put upon him by God.  


Gen 4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.


Now, it is interesting to note that Cain killed his brother Abel and showed no remorse or repentance of any kind, but when God tells him he is going to be a fugitive and a vagabond, he is now worried that someone might kill him. If God is not first in your life, you will always put yourself first. If God is first in your life, then others will be your concern.


Gen 4:14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.

Gen 4:15 And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him seven-fold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.


Much discussion has come from this verse over the years. What was this "mark" that God put on Cain? The word "mark" can mean anything from "a flag, beacon, evidence, mark, sign, or token". Whatever it was, it was meant to stop people from killing him. Some suggest it was a color, others a physical "mark" of some sort, and yet others think it was something supernatural like a force field of some kind. The Bible doesn't say, but I personally think God added to his size and made him a giant. This is only a guess on my part, but giants are not mentioned in Scripture until after this, and the "giants" are evil and came from the line of Cain. But whatever it was, this is the last we hear of it.


And then in closing we see that Adam and Eve had yet another child in verse 25, and they named this one "Seth". The name "Seth" literally means "substituted"


And then in verse 26 we read the account of Seth having a child and naming him "Enos". Enos simply means "mortal", but what is interesting is that once he is born "then began men to call upon the name of the Lord". The word "call" in this verse literally means "to cry out to", and the word "LORD" here is the proper name of God..."yeh-ho-vaw". It is interesting at the same time they name their child "mortal" (Enos), they started crying out to God. Is it possible it is at this point they started to realize the wages of sin is death, and that they were not going to live forever, and that their way back to the Tree of Life is gone? Is it possible that at this point they first realized they needed a Saviour?

Answer the questions below.  If you miss a question, go back and study that portion of the class and then retake the test.  Once you have received a 100% you may proceed to the next class.  You DO NOT have to submit this test for grading.  Only the final test will be submitted.