Genesis 202
Lesson One
Genesis 1:14-18

 


Now we come to the fourth day of God's creation.

 

Gen 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

Gen 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

Gen 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

Gen 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

Gen 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

Gen 1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

 

The word, "firmament" means "an expanse... something that is spread out". God literally took a huge chunk of the heaven that He created and starting putting "lights" in it.

 

Remember also that these lights are not the same thing as mentioned in verse three. In verse three, the word translated "light" is "ore" which means "illumination". This refers to the light rays...the part of light that actually lights up the dark. In verse fourteen, the world for light is "luminary". Here, God is referring to the physical object that causes the illumination. In language today, verse fourteen would be talking about the light bulb, and verse three would be talking about the actual light that illuminates the room. You see, God does not need the stars, moon, sun, and other sources to create light. He IS the light of the World (Read John 1:1-5, John 8:12 and John 9:5) In verse three, God simply shined His light upon the dark expanse of the World. In verse fourteen He creates heavenly bodies to give, and reflect, light upon earth.

 

So, why did He do this if He could simply light the world Himself? Well He tells us in verse four that He did it for our purpose, so we could tell day and night, and also for signs in heaven, seasons, days and years. In Revelation 21:23, in the new Heaven, God will be the light. We will no longer need the sun and moon and stars because time will not matter anymore. God will be our light... for all eternity. (See also Revelation 22:5)


Gen 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

And to give light upon the earth. No doubt God was looking down the road when Adam and Eve would rebel against Him, reject His instructions, and bring sin (darkness) upon the earth (John 1:5, John 3:19, John 12:46, and many others)

 

Gen 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

This of course is talking about the sun and the moon, and the starts. Notice that God made them. They are not born as scientist state. They didn't come about by some great "bang", or over billions of years. The "greater" light is also a reference to God Himself. He "is" the light. As children of God, we are also to "be the light of the World" In John 9:5 Jesus said, "as long as I am in the World, I am the light of the World". He is the great light. But when He left, we are to be the light of the World. We are the "lesser" light. And, just like the moon, we have no light of our own, but are to reflect the light from the "greater" light. We are to reflect the light of Christ through our life, our words, and our deeds. (Matthew 5:14, Matthew 5:16 and others)

 

Gen 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 
Gen 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. It should be noted that we as Children of God should also be a dividing factor between light and darkness. We should be a light that those in the dark world can come to. We should not be friends with this world. We should not entangle ourselves with the cares of this World. We should be set apart from this dark world, and let our line shine so that others can be drawn to Christ, like a moth to the light.

 

And of course, as everything is that God does, it was good.

 

Gen 1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.


And once again I want to mention that the word "evening" means "dusk, night" and the word "morning" means "dawn, day". God is telling us very clearly that He did this in, what we would call, a 24 hour period of time that encompassed one night time and one day time.
 

Answer the questions below.  If you miss a question, go back and study that portion of the class and then retake the test.  Once you have received a 100% you may proceed to the next class.  You DO NOT have to submit this test for grading.  Only the final test will be submitted.