Genesis 202
Lesson Nine
Where is the Garden of Eden


Gen 2:10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. 
Gen 2:11 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; 
Gen 2:12 And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone. 
Gen 2:13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. 
Gen 2:14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.


As we continue our study through Genesis, we come to a portion of Scripture that is very interesting.  It actually gives us the location of the Garden of Eden.....Well, kind of. But there is a slight problem. Many of the landmarks don't exist today.

 

The quest for pinpointing the exact location of the Biblical Garden of Eden and the four rivers almost rivals the quest for the location of fabled city of Atlantis. And the theories that abound are almost as numerous as the interpretations of the seven days of Genesis.

The Bible says that a single river flowed "out" of Eden and then does something that most rivers DO NOT do; specifically, split into four separate "heads" or rivers that flowed downstream, all fed from a common single river source. Almost all rivers start from a single source or are fed by multiple sources (tributaries). For that reason, nobody has been able to look at modern maps of the regions mentioned in Genesis and figure out exactly where the Garden of Eden was, at least by the present topography of the lands of the Middle East. Only one river of the four, the Euphrates, is known by the same name in modern times. It presently originates in the mountains of Turkey and terminates when it merges with the Tigris River near the Iraq/Kuwait border region. Many have speculated that the Tigris is the river Hiddekel.

 

In modern maps of today, we see that the two rivers that we know for sure today are in the Persian Golf.  Here we see that a single river flows out of that area and then branches off. So, given this information, the Garden of Eden would have been in the Southern end of Iraq, at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. 

 

In modern maps of today, we see that the two rivers that we know for sure today are in the Persian Golf.  Here we see that a single river flows out of that area and then branches off. So, given this information, the Garden of Eden would have been in the Southern end of Iraq, at the mouth of the Persian Gulf.

 

Now we get into a bit of speculation. We know that the Persian Gulf did not reach has high as it does now. It's believed that the actual Garden of Eden is now mostly under the waters of the Persian Gulf.  In some map, we see the "supposed" location of the other two rivers that we really don't know for sure. Recently, Satellite images have however, give a slightly different view.

 

If we look at different maps we can see where Israel is located today. Furthermore we can see the satellite placements of old river beds. If this model is correct, then the Garden of Eden would be located probably in or around Jerusalem. We may never know exactly where the Garden of Eden was, because the Bible does not actually tell us, but God gave us the rivers for a reason. I suspect some day in the near future, something will be discovered that will shed even more light on where it is. Until then, nobody knows for sure, and these are the two best guesses we have right now. 
 

Answer the questions below.  If you miss a question, go back and study that portion of the class and then retake the test.  Once you have received a 100% you may proceed to the next class.  You DO NOT have to submit this test for grading.  Only the final test will be submitted.